March 5: The Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 were notified on February 25 under the Information Technology Act, 2000. The Act provides for the regulation of electronic transactions and cybercrime. The 2021 Rules replace the Information Technology (Intermediaries Guidelines) Rules, 2011.
The Rules aim to regulate digital media, social media and OTT platforms, including publishers of digital news and current affairs.
Under the new Rules, fresh classes have been created including, “social media intermediary” and “significant social media intermediary”.
A three-level grievance redressal mechanism will consist of the publisher (level 1), self-regulating body constituted by the publishers (level 2) and an oversight mechanism of the government (level 3), with time-bound grievance disposal mechanism.
The Rules make mandatory furnishing of information by publishers to the
government and periodical disclosure of information regarding grievance redressal in the public domain.
The intermediaries and significant social media intermediaries have an additional requirement to appoint three officers with different responsibilities — a Chief Compliance Officer, a nodal person of contact, and a Resident Grievance Officer.

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